We aim for complex nature conservation
The project is related to the large area of the river Danube branch system in Slovakia in localities Dobrohošť – Sap, Klúčovské and Číčovské branches, Čiližsky creek and to wetlands, in the river alluvium Váh, Ipeľ and the Danube. In Hungary, the project is related to the National Park Danube – Ipeľ area
The common aims of all the measures that will be implemented in the project are: to ensure sufficient amount of water for these increasingly drying areas and ensure a suitable water regime for the native plant and animal species.
Such a large project has not been implemented in Slovakia yet, and it will serve as a model for other similar projects in the future.
Hidden camera by the nest of the White-tailed eagle
Hidden nest camera has recorded a couple of White-tailed eagles
As part of networking with other organizations, we initiated a visit of technical water management facilities in Hungary in Vámosszabadi and Ásványráró in December.
Between 5.-7. of December we welcomed a delegation from Germany. Representatives of the LIFE Isar project visited our project area. Together we discussed the management and financing of project activities, conservation problems and possible solutions and visited several of our locations.
In the course of each LIFE project, control monitoring visits are regularly held to monitor whether the activities are progressing according to plan. This year on 11.-13.10. the LIFE Danube Floodplains project was inspected by an external monitor from the NEEMO team.
In March 2017, in cooperation with the local agricultural association, we restored by grassing an area (approximately 23 ha) of waterlogged fields and degraded meadows near the Číčovské dead arm.
At the beginning of October 2022, we organized an expert excursion where we visited sites with significant and extensive restoration measures on the Danube (in Austria) and several sites with implemented restoration measures on the Isar river in Germany.
Currently, as part of the LIFE project Restoration and management of Danube floodplain habitats, we installed 9 new information boards at strategic locations within the Dunajské kriviny, Bodíky, Veľkolelsky and Apálsky ostrov islands.
The diversity of micro-environments created by the mouths and teeth of grazing cattle could be compared to the diversity of infrastructure in a city.
In the frame of the Restoration and management of Danube floodplain habitat LIFE project we prepared this year new informational and promotional materials. Beside the wall calendar for 2022 we published also other language versions of project leaflet (currently available in Slovak, Hungary and English).
Weirs Digitalization in Danube River Branch System Helps to Manage the Unique Natural Environment and Improves Safety
Thanks to the cooperation with VÚVH, 12 pieces of MERATCH equipment were deployed, which are placed on individual weirs within the Danube branch system and monitor the state of the water level with an accuracy of 1 millimetre.
As part of spreading awareness about the nature protection of the Danube region, we organized two lectures for schools. Children from the 1st and 3rd grade of J. A. Komenský Elementary School in Bratislava had the opportunity to learn a lot of new and interesting information not only about the Danube River itself, but also about the adjacent floodplain forests and wetlands...
National Nature Reserve Apálsky ostrov with 5th the highest degree of protection represents one of the exceptional and rare project sites of BROZ. This area with surface of 85.97 ha was declared in 1954 to ensure the protection of unique communities of willow-poplar floodplain forest.
The current project Restoration and management of Danube floodplain habitats is not the first on which BROZ cooperates with the Hungarian partner National park Danube-Ipel. In the past, we have joined together an international network of protected areas on the Danube called Danubeparks and in the frame of this partnership we already participate in the fourth project.
The area of the so called Danube Inland Delta between Bratislava and Sap used to be full of life. The unique system of river branches, periodic floods and healthy floodplain habitats offered an optimal environment for the reproduction of fish and amphibians.
Throughout the month of July, a crowdfunding campaign was active to fund the publication of our children's fairy tale book - Stories from the Meadows and Wetlands. We are pleased to say that the campaign was successful.
The level of the Danube has risen by about 4 meters in recent days. This brought life-threatening floods to the landscape and nature of the Danube region.
The water flow is lower than agreed. Two simulated floods of the Danube inland delta take place after a long time. After a series of negotiations and a successful petition, we managed to enforce what is approved in the Manipulation plan for the Gabčíkovo water dam. Until now, the flooding process has been depending on a complex administrative process.
In the winter, when it is the best time for tree planting, we planted more than 30,000 trees - the native tree species of the Danube floodplain forests.
In the summer months - July, August, as every year, we organize five tours of children's summer camps on Velky Lel Island.
Two floods of this rare wetland will take place this year. We are looking forward to it, but we are still only halfway there.
Did you know that rivers and wetlands are considered one of the richest ecosystems in terms of diversity of life? During the last century, however, almost 90% of them have been lost due to human intervention, which is also related to the decline of frogs. In the past, therefore, "frog concerts" during the spring were a common part of the stay in nature, now it is increasingly rare to find places where we can enjoy them.
In the area of the Inland Danube Delta in the cadastre of the village of Bodíky, in 2020 we expanded the grazing of cows on floodplain meadows by approximately 8 ha. In order to support biodiversity, in addition to grazing on the site, we cut head willows.
Currently, the wetlands on Velký Lél Island are full of water. A few years ago, we did such a thing - we changed the slope of the bottom in the drainage channel. It was a canal designed to drain water from Velký Lél Island. It was built in the past so that the water from the island flowed away after the floods sooner and people could use the meadows for grazing cattle as soon as possible.
The petition for the rescue of the Inland Danube Delta, signed by 11,603 people, serves as a basis for negotiations with the Water Management Enterprise and the Ministry of the Environment. We aim to increase the amount of water that flows in the Inland Danube Delta.
We delivered a petition for the rescue of the Inland Danube Delta to the Minister of the Environment, Ján Budaj. The petition was signed by 11,603 people.
Dear Minister of the Environment, We, the signatories of this petition, turn to you in demand of a modification of the Temporary management terms for Gabčíkovo – Nagymaros Barrage System in the territory of Slovak Republic in order to provide the necessary care and protection for the last remains of the Danube inland delta in Slovak territory.
Floodplain forests are often overlooked in the search for solutions of climate change. However, floodplain forest restoration can play a very important role in reducing CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere. Trees have the ability to capture large amounts of CO2 from the atmosphere and store it as carbon in their tissues. An adult tree can sequester up to 22kg of CO2 in one year. As a result, forests are extremely important in slowing down the ongoing climate change caused by high concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere as a result of burning of fossil fuels and habitat destruction.
Make yourself, your friends or family happy and get a nice Christmas present! Wear a T-shirt with mandala of Danube nature made by an art graphic designer Riki Watzka – you will support the conservation of Danube floodplains. Support the conservation of Danube floodplains with 20 Eur or more and we will be glad to send you our original T-shirt made of organic cotton.
On 24.-25. 9. 2019 we organized an excursion where we demonstrated restora-tion activities done during the project. Together with employees from Ministry of Environment, local offices and other „stakeholders“ we could see and also hear how the Danube floodplains
In spring 2018 we managed to restore the canal on Veľkolélsky ostrov island and to create periodical wetlands of about 41 hectares. In the past the canal was built to drain the island meadows quickly after floods. Now it is adjusted to be able to bring the water into the dry middle of the island…
During the European Green Week many partner events with environmental topic occur from 13th of April till 9th of June in the whole Europe. Inspired by this week we participated on the May feast in cooperation with the company Veolia and the municipality Bratislava – Karlova Ves.
In the rooms of reconstructed grainery at the Ecofarm Ostrov near the Veľkolélsky ostrov Island, you may get to know more about the disappearing beauties of Danube floodplains. You may see them as well as touch or even smell the natural beauties.
In the 10th of October 2018 you are kindly invited for the opening of the exhibition about dissapearing beauties of the floodplains. The exhibition shows the visitors of all ages the threatened nature of Danube floodplain habitats (river branches, wet meadows, gravel deposits, floodplain forests, wetlands and salt marshes) that Regional Association of Nature Conservation and Sustainable Development is more than 20 years trying to restore successfully.
Experts from National forest centre (NLC) have indetified significant trees – sources of genetic material of the native tree and shrub species (black and white poplar, pear tree, white willow, narrow-leafed ash, bird cherry…). The most valuable of the trees will be nominated in National register and National list of Forest reproductive material. In the…
Chilren from schools, nurseries and wide public are invited to attend an excursion on Veľkolélsky ostrov Island. Part of the excursions is not only getting to know about natural beauties of the island and its´ unique habitat mosaic, but there is also a chance to ride horses (hucule), getting to know about different ways of…
The channel on the Veľkolélsky ostrov island has been reconstructed, new periodical wetlands have been created – the reason had been lack of the water in the summer time
Since February 2018 restoration works on the channel have been done in the middle of the Danube Island Veľký Lél. The channel takes the water from the river branch bringing it into the middle of the Island. Originally it was built by the locals in the last centuries and it had opposite purpose than it…
Again this year we organised 6 summer camps for children in the nature of Veľkolélsky ostrov Island during summer holidays (activity E.7). The sessions were full booked already in May which is the proof of a high interest in these camps among children. Apart of horse riding children also learned about native inhabitants of Danube nature…
Go Wild! Stay Cultured. International Nature and Culture Photo Contest within the European Year of Cultural Heritage – 2018
Nature and culture can both be on their own a fertile source of inspiration. What happens when they are interlinked? Today, we’re inviting you to join us on this journey of discovery by taking part in our photo contest. Share your photos showing your interpretation of culture and nature connections e.g. how culture is inspired…
Listen to another interesting facts about natural wealth of the Veľkolélsky ostrov island, about people living in the village Veľký Lél, pollard willows or the ecofarm keeping many kinds of domestic animals like horses or cows grazing on the island. Reportage in Radio Regina can be found here.
Second day of February belongs to the wetlands. Apart form the traditional feast of Candlemas we also remind World Wetland Day. The fact that this day of wetlands is mentioned also in calendar is the proof how important they are for maintainig stability of Earth´s ecosystem. However the wetlands are still one of the most…
After the restoration measurement in spring 2017 first possitive results are seen. In the area of former branch river system (project acitivity C.2) near the village Vojka, river arms as long as 800 meters were restored which created permanent wetlands on the area of 1 ha. Water which was brought to dry places using restoration…
Few weeks before Christmas we managed to install a barrier against motor vehicles which we placed on deserted field road in the edge of National Natural Reserve Apálsky ostrov near the Komárno town (SKUEV Dolnovážske luhy). It´s purpose is to block the access of motor vehicles into the reserve. Due to this measurement the road…
Beauties and wealth of the island Veľký Lél were promoted in Radio Regina including the results of conservation actions and plans within the project LIFE Danube floodplains – Obrázky krajiny.
See our new leaflet issued in the project – “We restore the land of Danube floodplains” Ozivujeme_krajinu_dunajskych_luhov
28.10. 2017 – Silvia Halkova was a quest in the broadcast Panorama in Radio Regina. Listen a reportage about nature of Danube floodplains and their protection.
Partner of the project – NLC – has managed to grow several native tree species that will be planted soon in the forest – common oaks, barren pear and apple trees, lindens and black poplars. Altogether 4325 seedlings have been grown. In the same time “mother heads” of black and white poplars have been planted …
A yearly venue named Dömös Day in the village Dömös took place the 9th of September with a rich program focused on nature and its conservation. It attracted mainly families with kids.
We are inviting all families to the annual event – Green Day in Dömös which will take place 9th of September 2017. You will enjoy many different activities for children and adults in the heart of beautiful nature in Danube floodplain forests.
Partner of the project Water research institute created a physical model of Danube river-branch system
In the rooms of hydraulic laboratory of the Water research institute (VÚVH) the employees created physical model of the part of the river-branch system. The model optimalise the main parameters, position and configuration of crosswise structures with the aim to achieve optimal conditions of the stream. Using this model and following field measurements and calculations…
On the occasion of 25th anniversary of the program LIFE and 20th anniversary of the Regional Association For Nature Conservation And Sustainable Development an Open Day of the project Restoration and management of Danube floodplain habitats – LIFE14 NAT/SK/001306 took place on 17th of May 2017 from 8:30 till 21:00 in Waterworks museum in Bratislava.…
In May 2017 we managed to restore and create new wetlands in Danube floodplains near Dobrohošť. After digging a canal the water got into terrain depressions where ideal conditions for native floodplain species was created – e.g. amphibians and birds bound to open water bodies. Apart from amphibians a rare migratory birds appeared right after…
In April 2017 altogether 3375 nurslings of native woody species were planted in the forest in the cadastral area of Bodíky. The planting was realised on the localities after logging where natural reproduction of trees had not occured. We chose reforestation on these areas to prevent spreading of invasive woody species and to ensure species composition…
In the end of March 2017 a monitoring of amphibians started in different localities of restored wetlands. In several places an occurence of rare species was confirmed – The European fire-bellied toad (Bombina bombina) and The Danube crested newt (Triturus dobrogicus). According to the collected and evaluated data about amphibians we will be able to…
Partner of the project – NLC – has managed to grow several native tree species that will be planted soon in the forest – common oaks, barren pear and apple trees, lindens and black poplars. Altogether 4325 seedlings have been grown. In the same time “mother heads” of black and white poplars have been planted…
In the beginning of the spring 2017 in cooperation with local farmers we managed to restore 23 ha of grasslands in long-term wet fields in SKUEV0227, SKUEV1227 Čiližské močiare, in the cadastral area of Číčov. This way together we succesfully enlarged the area of grasslands in the project area. Restoring of grasslands is included in…
Hungarian partner of the project Duna – Ipoly National Park Directorate prepared new No. of Cincér new letter, which is devoted to LIFE Danube floodplains project. Cincér news letter Here is the summary of the articles: The first article: The empire of the white tailed eagle. A report was made with Balázs Szelényi, the national species…
From the second week of July children’s summer camps take place on the Velky Lel area (project action E.7).Children from closer and more distant surrounding towns and villages can get to know the Danube floodplain countryside and its exceptional beauty during one week course. They also can learn about importance of nature protection and the…
In the middle of May 2016 the first part of Kralova luka branch system was restored in Danube floodplains. With the help of excavator the fallen dead wood and river deposits have been excavated and the water intake from Danube was released. Before restoration there was only little brooklet in some parts of the river…
As part of the monitoring mission of the European Commission, held on 22- 23/06/2016, we visited two project localities in Bodíky cadastral area. The BROZ organization has rented forest land in this area as part of the project LIFE Danube floodplains (project action B1). Former forest land owners have done clear cutting of non –…
First seedlings of native tree species for the Danube floodplain forests, prepared for the project purpose, are already growing in a field station of the National Forestry Centre (NLC) in Gabcikovo since the spring of 2016. Workers have started to plant seedlings of trees, native to the Danube floodplains for the first time this spring…
Project title: Restoration and management of Danube floodplain habitats
Project sector: LIFE+, Nature and Biodiversity
Projektový acronym: LIFE Danube floodplains
Project code: LIFE14 NAT/SK/001306
Expected start date: 01/08/2015
Expected end date:31/01/2022
Total project budget : 5 999 420 € (60 % EU financial contribution – 3 599 651 € , Programme LIFE+)
Regional Association for Nature Conservation and Sustainable Development (Bratislavské regionálne ochranárske združenie) (Slovakia)
– Water management construction, state enterprize (Vodohospodárska Výstavba, š.p.) (Slovakia)
– Water research institute (Výskumný ústav vodného hospodárstva) (Slovakia)
– NAtional Forest Centre (Národné lesnícke centrum) (Slovakia)
– Duna – Ipoly National Park Directorate (Hungary)
Main results of the project are – reconstruction or technical objects in a branch system , like small barriers, , culverts, inlets, outlets, etc. All measures will be prepared in close cooperation with project partners – Water research institute and Water management construction, state enterprise, and other stakeholders (for example SVP – State water management company)
– Minimum 5 technical facilities in branches will be reconstructed or built, so that to achieve the greatest environmental benefit (enough water and suitable water regime).
– Water regime will be improved on 1850 ha in the river Danube branch system.
– At least two insulated side branches will be reconnected to the Danube.
– Branches will be restored to its full length of 4500 m (various barriers – deposits, residue extraction, etc., which prevent the flow of water will be removed).
– At least 57,500 native trees will be planted.
– River branches and wetlands ,revitalized by water, will be able to fix CO2 from the atmosphere, thus reducing the impacts of climate change (return of the investment thus restored wetlands, is, according to expert estimates, 100 times higher comparing to common mitigation measures focused to reduce the impact of climate change).
Conservation status of rare species of plants, animals and habitats of floodplain forests and wetlands in the project area (belonging to the Natura 2000 network), will be improved, also flood protection will be improved.
Such a large project has not been implemented in Slovakia yet, and it will serve as a model for other similar projects in the future.
Main project objectives:
The project objective is to restore the key natural habitats of Danube floodplains and to introduce sound sustainable management. Habitat restoration will be achieved by improvement of water regime in the vast river branch system and by direct interventions to secure favourable conservation status of targeted habitats.
Specific objectives are:
- to optimize water level and distribution of water within the Danube river branch system and in Danube floodplains;
- to restore water regime of selected disturbed localities;
- to restore targeted habitat types and to improve their conservation status
- to increase biodiversity of floodplain forest habitats, production potential and ecosystem services of forest management;
- to improve the conservation status of the last remaining fragments of non-forest habitats within project site, especially alluvial meadows and to set-up their sustainable regular management;
- to support practical implementation of the EU Habitats Directive and NATURA 2000 network
- to raise awareness on importance of floodplains restoration and to disseminate knowledge for replication and transfer of results and of best practices.
On the Slovakian part the project focuses on the vast area of Danubiam river branches in the following areas: Dobrohošť, Sap, Kľúčovské branch, Číčovské branch and Čilizký stream and the wetlands in the aluviums of Váh, Ipeľ and Danube rivers. In Hungrary the project focuses on the National Park Danube-Ipeľ.
Project area map
Čiližské močiare SKUEV0227, SKUEV1227
Dunajské luhy SKUEV0090
Velkolélsky ostrov SKUEV0183
Dolnovážske luhy SKUEV0092
Kľúčovské rameno SKUEV0293 a SKUEV1293
Klátovské rameno SKUEV0075
Číčovské luhy SKUEV0182 a SKUEV1182
Háros ostrov HUDI20034
Szentendre Island HUDI20034
The project activities are defined according to LIFE requirements. The outcomes will be updated regularly on the project website.
A. Preparatory actions, elaboration of management plans and/or of action plans
A.1: Hydrological model on flow capacity and longitudinal continuity of Danube river branch system (VUVH)
Expected results: Final proposal of restoration measures including specification of basic parameters.
A.2: Expert study on restoration of river branches lateral connectivity and wetlands water regime (VUVH)
Elaboration of final expert study that will include all restoration measures including their basic parameters.
A.3: Technical documentation (VVB)
Technical set of project documentation elaborated for realisation of conservation actions C.1 and C.2. Documentation for obtaining construction permit elaborated, submitted to responsible authorities and approved. All necessary permissions and agreements according to Act No. 543/2002 on Nature and Landscape Protection as amended provided.
A.4: Identification of the sources of autochthonous gene pool, reproduction of these species and elaboration of activities draft serving on forest ecosystems conservation (NLC, BROZ, DINPD)
Established a gene pool of 200 DNA-verified Black poplar genotypes with varietal identity and GIS records on Hungarian side.
Individual trees/ approved stands will be indentified within Slovak part of project site as source of reproduction material.
Number of individual trees or areas with approved stands will be nominated to the National Register and National list LRM.
The expert study proposed concrete restoration measures to improve conservation status of targeted forest habitats will be elaborated.
A.5: Expert study on lowland meadows and non-forest habitats restoration (BROZ)
An expert study on restoration of lowland meadows and non-forest habitats elaborated. At least 2 public discussions with stakeholders and/or experts on the study organized.
B. Purchase/lease of land and/or compensation payments for use rights
B.1: Purchase / lease of land (BROZ)
Purchased or leased land in order restoration activities could be preformed.
C. Concrete conservation actions
C.1: Restoration of the flow capacity and longitudinal continuity of Danube branch system (BROZ, VVB)
Action will be implemented in SCI Dunajské luhy. Minimum of 5 technical objects will be created or reconstructed on the selected locations at the existing fixed weirs, where maximal ecological impacts can be achieved for largest sections of the river branch system. Water regime of the area of 1850 ha improved. Updated “Operating manual” with new technical measures and maximising ecological benefits of the restored longitudinal continuity of the river branch system. Conservation status of the targeted species will be improved and their populations will be enhanced.
As negotiations with the competent authorities to amend the Operating manual were not successful, on 21. April 2020, a petition entitled “FOR WATER FOR THE LIFE OF THE INLAND DANUBE DELTA” was launched, signed by 11,603 supporters. The petition was submitted to the Minister of the Environment on 14. August 2020. Negotiations with the competent authorities on a change in the Operating manual will follow.
C.2: Restoration of river branches lateral connectivity and water regime of wetlands (VVB, BROZ)
Two major river branches will be restored in their whole length. This includes restoration of their water regime a river dynamics. It is expected that minimum of 4 500 m of river branches will be re-connected with long-term perspective for sustainable natural restoration of breeding habitats for target species. Migration barriers for fish and other water organisms will be removed. Due to restricted access to some places after restoration also significant decrease of human disturbance will be achieved on 135 ha.Four wetlands will be restored with the total area expected of 37 ha.
Conservation status of the targeted species will be improved and their populations will be enhanced.
C.3: Establishment of the biological base and production of planting material of the native tree species (NLC, DINPD)
Established archive of forest tree genetic resources of the Danube floodplain in Slovakia. Within the repository of genetic resources of NLC, important species will be represented in a minimum of 20 pieces of each specimen. Together 45,000 pieces of seedlings for reforestation needs will be grown during the project implementation. A gene pool will be established by DINPD on 3.8 ha area. The number of genotypes in Hungary preserved in the tree-shaped collection is at least 400.
C.4: Restoration of autochthonous tree species composition and increase of the forest stands biodiversity (BROZ, DINPD)
Planting of 57 500 pcs. of native tree species on the total area of 45 ha. 45 000 pcs of trees planted within Slovak part of project site. Invasive tree and plant species removed on the area of 40 ha o Slovak project side. After planting care of young trees realized. In Hungary on Háros Island: Clearance of Negundo aceroides, Fallopia japonica, Solidago sp. from at least 7 hectares.Restoration of the alluvial forest (i.e. several smaller spots) on a total area of minimum 3.5 hectares. Construction of protective game wire fence in 1,550 m total length.Waste clean-up and removal of ammunition: 5 ha The removal of ammunition is necessary to provide for the safety of workers and researchers. The 560 m long concrete fence that runs in the middle of the alluvial forest, will be removed. By cutting its dikes in two places we assure better and more frequent flooding of the enclosed area.
C.5: Restoration of lowland meadows and non-forest habitats (BROZ)
Overall 84 ha of grasslands restored and their regular management initiated. At least 150 pollard willows be restored. Overall 200 pcs of new pollard willows will be planted.
D. Monitoring of the impact of the project actions (obligatory)
D.1: Hydrological and hydrobiological monitoring (VUVH
Compilation of database of hydrological, morphological, climatological, biological and chemical data for the state before and after implementation of measures. Assessment of present abiotic and biotic state of the branch systems in the project areas. Assessment of effectiveness of proposed measures.
D.2: Monitoring of biota (BROZ, DINPD)
Database will be created with estimated several thousands of records. At the end of the project final monitoring report with the results will be provided to give feedback to the implementation of the concrete conservation actions. Scientific information about selected groups of biota from the project site will be provided via annual reports. Final report will compare situation of selected taxa before onset of C actions and post-restoration situation.
D.3: Monitoring of socio-economic impacts of the project (BROZ)
One socio- economic report will be completed in a final phases to give feedback to the implementation of the concrete conservation actions.
D.4: Monitoring of the impact on the ecosystem functions (BROZ)
The ecosystem functions will be characterized in the beginning of the project, after previous-monitoring of project sites and all relevant monitoring (of biota, hydrobiological monitoring etc.). From all possibilities, the relevant ecosystem functions for each project site will be selected and those will be subsequently monitored.
Also the relevant ecosystem functions for specific habitats will be selected and monitored. The statement of the ecosystem in a relation to ecosystem functions will be measured in the beginning and in the end of the project.
D.5: Monitoring of dissemination of activities (BROZ)
The monitored results will be processed into excel tables and graphics, where relevant feedback progress will be clear. The percentage of questionnaire’s and quizes’s successful responses will be measured at the beginning and in the end of activities. The results and graphics will be delivered with final report, because the monitoring activities will last till the end of the project.
E. Public awareness and dissemination of results (obligatory)
E.1: Project website (BROZ)
The project web page developed, maintained and promoted during the whole project period in three languages – EN, SK, HU.
E.2: Meetings with stakeholders and study visits (BROZ)
Constant communication with stakeholders, at least 24 meetings with stakeholders will be organized. In average each meeting attended by 5 representatives, 2 two-day study visits for cca. 30 people each will be organized.
E.3: Publication of information, educational and promotional materials (BROZ, NLC, DINPD)
Following information, educational and promotion materials will be produced and disseminated: leaflets, expert brochures – 3 types/ series together, 7 500 copies publication ‘Discover Duna-Ipoly Natural Park’, Cincer newspaper, DINPD promotional materials (textile bags, pens, register books, calendar, mugs), stickers, calendar, magnets, T-shirts, cups, pens, visitors centre facility improvement.
E.4: Excursions / tours for students, teachers and public, guid trainings (BROZ, DINPD)
10 guided excursions for students (together 200 people expected), and 5 guided excursions for the public (together 50 people expected). Two 5-days trainings of guides will take place. DINPD. Five 1-day demonstration tours for teachers will take place. The number of new guides trained during the project: 20 people. The number of guides receiving further training during the project: 20 people. The number of people participating on guided tours during the project: 4000 people.
E.5: Promotion of project on conferences and in media (BROZ, VUVH, NLC)
Project presented on at least 13 conferences, 4 press conferences organized, 5 press releases distributed, 30 articles covering the project published, 5 radio interviews broadcasted, 10 TV shots broadcasted.
E.6: Presentations for school and public, interactive educational expositions (BROZ, DINPD)
10 presentations for students (together 200 people expected), 5 presentations for the public (together 100 people expected).The visit of stabile exhibition by 10 institutions/ organizations/ schools (Minimum of 3 500 visitors of stabile exhibition) – BROZ
Established exhibition by DINPD (overall 5 000 visitors during project duration).
E.7: Camping in the nature (BROZ)
Twenty 5-days camps for overall 240 children will take place.
E.8: Final conference (BROZ)
At least 40 participants from Slovakia and neighbouring countries attending the event. At least 5 media representatives attending press conference. Project’s results disseminated through at least 5 media outputs (e.g. online and printed articles, TV and radio interviews).
E.9: Networking with other projects and institutions (BROZ)
Six three day visits for 3-5 project personnel or key stakeholders will be organized and implemented. These will lead to visit several places where management of natural areas meets with similar issues and where interested parties can discuss e.g. sheep grazing management, natural tree species planting, use of natural mixtures seeds, and restoration of grasslands, wetlands. Such study visits will lead to similar projects in Czech Republic, Austria, Italy, Hungary or Poland.
E.10: Organization of family day (DINPD)
6 family days, expected 500 guests per event, i.e. a total of 3000 people in six years.
E.11: Notice boards (BROZ)
Installation of 10 notice boards. Installation of small notice boards according need of actions implemented in field.
E.12: Layman report (BROZ)
Layman’s report produced.
F. Project management and monitoring of project progress (obligatory)
F.1: Project management (BROZ)
The sound implementation of the project ensured. Project staff employed. First progress report, three other progress reports, midterm report and final report submitted.
F.2: Project bookkeeping and financial management (BROZ, DINPD)
Transparent recording of project finances (expenditures + incomes).
F.3. Project auditing (BROZ)
Audit reports confirming transparent and accurate recording of project finances (expenditures + incomes). Final report on the project audit will be enclosed to the final technical report.
F.4: After-LIFE project conservation plan (BROZ)
An After-LIFE conservation plan written after the project will finished will include the maintenance activities and responsible organisations.
Project Results by September 9, 2022:
- Preparatory actions
A.1: Study on flow capacity and longitudinal continuity of Danube branch system, including a hydrodynamic model (WRI)
A physical model of a fraction of the Danube branch system was built in the WRI technical laboratories. All field measurements necessary to create a digital model of the branch system were executed, the calculations were completed and the digital model is in working order and capable to be used in selecting the suitable measures for the study.
The study containing suggestions of restoration measures within C1 Activity is ready.
A.2: Expert study on restoration of lateral connectivity between Danube branches and the Danube main stream and water regime improvement in wetlands (WRI)
All field monitorings necessary in order to set-up 1D and 2D hydrodynamic models, as well as model simulations of different water levels scenarios have been carried out.
The study containing suggestions of restoration measures within C2 Activity is ready.
A.3: Technical documentation (VVB)
Technical documentation for the partial branch restoration in Kráľovská lúka was completed (2015).
Technical documentation for restorations planned in C1 & C2 Activities is in progress.
For C1 Activity: Documentation for restoration of water flow in side arms near Vojčianske rameno branch – after the weir A, was completed in March 2020. Project documentation for reconstruction of the weir D2a on the D line of the Danube branch system was completed in spring 2022.
Related to C2 Activity: Works were carried out in order to secure the missing dampers needed to completely block off the B line of the branch system. This Activity will be executed by contractors. In 05 – 06/2021, the request and conditions were specified in order to procure the technical documentation, production and supply of 2 missing dampers.
A.4: Identification of autochthonous gene pool sources, species reproduction; processing the activity proposal aimed on forest ecosystems conservation (NFC, BROZ, DINPD)
Gene pool consisting of 200 DNA genotypes of black poplars in the Hungarian part has been already completed (DINPD).
Identification of autochthonous gene pool sources on the Slovak part has been completed. More than 150 individual trees have been identified near Danube, e.g. black poplars, willows (crack willow), narrow-leafed ashes, small-leaved limes, apple trees, pear trees, mulberry trees, common oaks. The data have been processed and included in a report, seeds and other reproductive material has been collected, and used to grow seedlings in the NFC field station.
The Activity is completed.
A.5: Expert study on lowland meadows and non-forest habitats restoration (BROZ)
The study on lowland meadows and non-forest habitats restoration was completed in 2016. At the moment, restoration works based on the study are being carried out in lowland meadows – under C5 Activity.
The Activity is completed.
- Land purchase/Long-term rental
B.1: Land purchase/rental (BROZ)
The plots have been rented or purchased for the purposes of native alluvial ecosystems conservation under C Activities, including water bodies, grasslands, forest plots, arable land, and other.
Land purchased as of today – 69.164560 ha.
Land rented as of today – 351.6652 ha.
- Specific conservation activities
C.1: Restoration of flow capacity and longitudinal continuity of Danube branch system (BROZ, VVB)
At the beginning, it was necessary to modify the Operation Manual valid in the Gabčíkovo hydroelectric dam. The changes aim to get more water into the Danube branch system and to allow for regular floods, as they used to happen prior to the construction of the hydroelectric dam.
On April 21, 2022, a petition “ZA VODU PRE ŽIVOT VNÚTROZEMSKEJ DELTY DUNAJA” was published. It got 11,603 signatures. On August 14, 2020, the petition was submitted to the Minister of Environment, followed by negotiations on the Operation Manual modifications with respective authorities.
On May 15 – 17, 2020, one simulated flood was carried out, with maximum flow rate of 90 m3/s.
In 2021, a spring simulated flood was done in April (34 days), a summer flood was done in May (15 days).
In 2022, simulated floods in spring and summer were merged into one, during May and June (41 days), with maximum flow rate of 90 m3/s.
Until now, the planned flow rate of 120 m3/s have not been achieved, mainly due to security concerns – There are buildings in the subject area, many of them built illegally. Therefore, the State Secretary at Ministry of Environment of the SR began to address the issue.
In 2022, negotiations on new Operation Manual Vol. XII were open. They could lead to achieving the desired flow rate during the simulated floods.
WRI experts installed remote probes on all weirs in the branch system (2022) to monitor the water levels during the flood and to be able to keep the weirs open for transit (online access: https://app.meratch.com/w/vuvh/river-system). Moreover, they created an app that calculates the water levels based on the flow rate on inputs and outlets (number of openings on a weir).
C.2: Restoration of lateral connectivity of the branches and water regime in wetlands (BROZ, VVB)
May 2016 – Kráľovská Lúka branch near Baka village – one section done, length approx. 190 m – the next part will follow.
In May/April 2017 – wetlands in branch system near Dobrohošť and Vojka nad Dunajom villages were restored and expanded with the following results: the dry branch was restored in total length of 430 m; the water flow was restored and the time when 440 m of the branch is filled with water, was extended (previously 6 months, now all year round); 0,95 ha of periodic wetlands were restored (Dobrohošť, Kyselica), flooding potential in 16 ha of hardwood and softwood alluvial forests was restored (Dobrohošť, Kyselica).
In February/March 2018, wetlands on Veľkolélsky ostrov island were restored with the following results: 2 deep permanent wetlands with total area of 0,6 ha were created. One larger periodic wetland and 6 smaller periodic wetlands were created on the island. If the Danube flow rate is above 3000 m3/s, these are filled with water from a canal. The total area of the wetlands is 40.89 ha (the map of floods).
Other restoration works are being prepared in collaboration with the VVB.
Photographs can be found in an article.
Until today, 2010 m of branches have been restored.
64.09 ha of wetlands have been restored (5 permanent wetlands with total area of 1.1 ha, and 7 periodic wetlands with total area of 62.99 ha).
C.3: Preparation of planting material and founding of the biological station (NFC, DINPD)
A gene pool registry of native forest tree species was created in Dunajské luhy, in the NFC field station.
The following numbers of tree seedlings were grown in order to be planted on the forest plots:
|Autumn 2016||800 ind. Populus nigra, 450 ind. Tilia cordata – 1,250 individuals in total|
|Autumn 2017||70 ind. Quercus robur, 3,000 ind. Populus nigra, 200 ind. Malus silvestris, 200 ind. Pyrus communis, 350 ind. Tilia cordata – 3,820 individuals in total|
|Autumn 2018||800 ind. Populus alba, 4,500 ind. Populus nigra, 400 ind. Ulmus laevis, 300 ind. Malus silvestris, 1,000 ind. Quercus robur, 120 ind. Tilia cordata – 7,120 individuals in total|
|Autumn 2019||100 ind. Populus alba, 1,800 ind. Populus nigra, 1,100 ind. Ulmus laevis, 225 ind. Malus silvestris, 2,000 ind. Quercus robur, 100 ind. Fraxinus excelsior, 225 ind. Pyrus pyraster – 5,550 individuals in total|
|Autumn 2020||9,150 ind. Populus alba, 9,400 ind. Populus nigra, 4,000 ind. Quercus robur, 850 ind. Salix alba, 350 ind. Malus sylvestris, 75 ind. Pyrus pyraster, 75 ind. bird cherry Padus avium, 15 ind. hawthorn Crataegus sp. – 23,915 individuals in total|
|13,500 ind. Populus nigra, 5,500 ind. Populus alba, 1,300 ind. Salix alba, 48 ind. Quercus robur, 40 ind. crab apple tree, 297 ind. Crataegus monogyna, 180 ind. Alnus glutinosa, 20 ind. Pyrus communis – 20,885 individuals in total
DINPD: They planted 1 ha of Populus nigra in Dejtár village (HU). An official Populus nigra nursery was established. In March 2021, 375 cuttings of 43 different certified Populus nigra genotypes from the Gemenc State Forestry were planted in Dejtár village. In March 2021, 2,000 Populus nigra cuttings of more than 100 different genotypes of pre-selected mother trees were collected, and placed in the official tree nursery of Ipoly Erdő State Forestry, followed by 470 more in 2022. At the moment, the gene collection is under maintenance. In December 2020, 6,000 native trees were planted on 2.1 ha, on the Rácalmás island (HU). Every other row was planted in. The remaining rows were filled with Populus nigra in the spring – 3,500 cuttings of 49 different certified genotypes from the Gemenc State Forestry, in Tolna (HU) were planted in March 2021. Currently, the entire area of 3.6 ha is completely planted in. Native tree species typical for 91E0 habitat take up half of the area, the other half is filled with 86 different genotypes of Populus nigra.
C.4: Forest restoration by planting autochthonous tree species & Biodiversity improvements in forest growths (BROZ, DINPD)
As of September 16, 2022, the total numbers of seedlings planted in Slovakia under this Activity is 54,550 individuals of different tree species (black poplars, white poplars, small-leaved limes, common oaks, crab apple trees, European white elms, white willows, hawthorns, bird cherries).
After planting care is carried out regularly on 18 ha.
Invasive plants were removed from the total area of 95.67 ha.
Negundo aceroides, Fallopia japonica, Solidago sp. are being removed from 10 ha area on the Háros island in Hungary. In January 2021, 449.38 t of waste was removed for the Háros island. 5 ha were cleared out, and 1 ha was planted in March.
Invasive plant Fallopia x bohemica is still being removed. After planting care is being carried out. A new 0.1 ha plantation was established on Hunyadi island in Hungary. It consists of Hungarian ashes Fraxinus angustifolia ssp. pannonica, European white elms Ulmus laevis, and common oaks Quercus robur. In total, more than 14,500 trees were planted.
DINPD provides the after-planting care. It includes application of nature-friendly animal repellents instead of fences, which prevents the trees from being gnawed on.
C.5: Restoration of lowland meadows and non-forest habitats (BROZ)
This Activity started in March 2017. Approx. 23 ha of water-soaked fields in SAC Čiližské močiare near Kľúčovec village were grassed over in collaboration with the local agricultural cooperative.
In December 2017, restoration works were carried out on lowland meadows in NNR Apálsky ostrov in SAC Dolnovážske luhy near Komárno: On November 24, 2017, a gate arm to prevent unauthorized vehicles from entering was installed. Afterwards, the meadow was partially mulched – approx. 3.8 ha (advance growths removed). The works continued in August 2018, including further mulching. In 2019, 5.5 ha of meadows were mowed.
In spring 2018, 63 willows were planted on Veľkolélsky ostrov island, along both banks of a periodically flooded branch. Only 12 willows survived the dry and hot summer of 2018. Additionally, 20 (2018), 104 (2021) and 200 pollard willow trees (winter 2021/22, with help of volunteers) were planted.
Moreover, 110 willow trees were pollarded on Veľkolélsky ostrov island in 2019, under the supervision of an arborist. In spring 2020, 103 willows were pollarded in Bodíky village, and 20 on Apálsky ostrov island. In 2021, 80 willows were pollarded in Bodíky village and 39 willows on Veľkolélsky ostrov island.
The total area of restored meadow ecosystems is 57.7 ha. The traditional grazing now exists on 8.1 ha in Bodíky village, and on 21.1 ha on Veľkolélsky ostrov island.
Activities aimed on extensive grazing implementation in a new area in NNR Apálsky ostrov were carried out – meeting the local shepherd, land modifications, preparation works for fences, a well installation, and pasture infrastructure purchase.
- Monitoring of the impact of project activities
D.1: Hydromorphological and hydrobiological monitoring (WRI)
The initial hydromorphological and hydrobiological monitoring has been carried out. It is a base for the A1 Activity and for ecosystem conditions comparison needed prior to C Activities. The monitoring report has been completed.
Collection and processing of data from temporary limnigraph stations (for surface water, underground water, all weirs), regular probe check-ups and maintenance, levelling, installation of all probes in the spring (they must be removed for the winter to prevent freezing) are in progress. In connection with the simulated floods, the following works are in progress:
- creating the time schedule for simulated floods (flow rates rising and dropping, expected water levels)
- regular meetings of WRI, The State Nature Conservancy, BROZ, VVB, SWME representatives
- proposal of damper openings pre- and after flood setup based on models (the setup affects the water levels and flood extent, taking into consideration given limitations)
- monitoring of water levels in individual sections, for different flow rates up to max. 90 m3/s
- outlets and critical points field check-up due to concerns that water would leave the bed nearby the holiday houses (often illegal ones, or not built according to the rules applied in flood zones)
- stream load sampling (fine materials) from all sections – in order to determine the stream load concentration for different flow rates (60, 90 m3/s) – the samples were analysed in WRI laboratories
- a report for VVB on flood progress on behalf of all parties involved (The State Nature Conservancy, BROZ, WRI, SWME)
D.2: Monitoring of biota (BROZ, DINPD)
Biota – birds and fish – was monitored in Hungary.
In Slovakia, amphibians, land plants, aquatic plants and habitats were monitored in 2017, 2018, and 2019. In 2019, dragonflies, beetles, spiders and molluscs (Desmoulin’s whorl snail) were monitored, as well. On the top of that, pollinators have been monitored since 2020.
During 2021 and 2022, the monitoring of target species and populations continued (amphibians, beetles, dragonflies, pollinators, spiders, and molluscs).
D.3: Monitoring of socio-economic impact of the project (BROZ)
In 2017, a questionnaire survey was carried out. The first report was submitted. Second report was submitted in 2019.
D.4: Monitoring of impact of the project on ecosystem functions (BROZ)
The 2019 monitoring report was submitted in 2020.
D.5: Monitoring of impact of information activities under the project (BROZ)
This Activity is carried out via questionnaires, website traffic monitoring, FB page monitoring, radio broadcastings ratings, etc.
- Activities to raise awareness and spread information about project goals
E.1: Project website (BROZ)
Project website exists in three languages – English, Slovak, Hungarian, and it is updated regularly.
E.2: Stakeholders meetings and study trips (BROZ)
From the beginning of the project, 30 official meetings were held with the stakeholders (incl. attendance lists; 217 participants in total) and multiple unofficial meetings.
E.3: Information publishing, educational and promo materials (BROZ, NFC, DINPD)
Project logo: Logo finalized in November 2015.
Stickers and magnets with the logo: June 2016.
Stickers with historical pictures of flooded land and rare plants and animals – spring 2017.
Leaflet about project activities – October 2017. It is available on the project website.
Pens – ready. In three languages.
Mugs – ready. Handmade, with the project logo.
Equipment for the Visitor centre in Veľký Lél was purchased; it serves camps under E.7. Activity, too.
Gazebo for visitors built in Veľký Lél in August 2017.
Man, women and children T-shirts made of organic cotton, with mandala detail, are ready.
2019 and 2020 calendars were printed on recycled paper.
The leaflet on Veľkolélsky ostrov island was printed on recycled paper.
The storybook The Stories of meadows (SK: Príbehy z lúk a mokradí) and wetlands was published in November 2021.
In 2022, T-shirts in new colours were made, tank-tops were added.
In 2022, magnets in new designs were made (900 pcs in total).
2022 wall calendar was published, this time with the Veľkolélsky ostrov island theme.
Leaflet on project activities was translated and published in English (October 2021) and in Hungarian (spring 2022).
In spring 2022, 5 new designs of project post cards were printed (10,000 pcs in total).
Project tote bags.
Chocolate bars with project logo are ready.
E.4: Presentations and field trips for students, teachers and general public (BROZ, DINPD)
BROZ: Binoculars and magnifying glasses were purchased for the field trips. They serve for camps under E.7. Activity, too. We organized 16 field trips for schools (516 participants), and 8 field trips for general public (118 participants).
DINPD: 161 participants used bikes and canoes for the trips.
E.5: Project presentation on conferences and in media (BROZ, WRI, NFC)
Until today, the project was presented:
- on 13 conferences
- in 6 press releases and on 2 press conferences
- in 36 articles in magazines and newspapers
- in 9 radio appearances
- in 8 TV appearances
E.6: School and public presentations, interactive educational expositions (BROZ, DINPD)
We organized 18 school presentations (488 participants)
and 12 public presentations (1,284 participants).
Every year, BROZ organizes the national round of the international Danube Art Master contest.
Interactive exposition in Veľký Lél was seen by 675 visitors.
4,852 visitors saw the mobile exposition on Danube alluvial zones in Hungary.
E.7: Nature camps for children (BROZ)
Equipment for the camps was purchased in July 2017: 10 binoculars, a large binocular, magnifying glasses to observe insects, and a microscope. In 2016, sanitary facilities for camps were built.
Until today, camps were organized in every summer season since 2016. 463 children participated in total.
E.8: Final conference (BROZ)
Activity has not started yet.
E.9: Networking: Other projects and institutions (BROZ)
Until today, 13 networking sessions were organized. Different nature conservancy organizations and associations participated (195 participants) in order to exchange knowledge.
E.10: The Family day (DINPD)
The event called the Dömös Green Day was held six times in Hungary (2016 – 2021), with a great attendance (3,197 participants in total).
E.11: Information panels (BROZ)
9 new information panels were prepared to join the existing two in the eco farm in Veľký Lél. The panels will provide information on natural values of the area and project activities on 4 locations (Veľkolélsky ostrov island, Apálsky ostrov island, Bodíky and Dunajské Kriviny).
E.12: Layman report (BROZ)
Activity has not started yet.
- Project management and progress monitoring
F.1: Project management (BROZ)
Activity in progress, BROZ regularly submits reports on partial project results to the European Commission.
Being the Coordinating Beneficiary, BROZ regularly organizes meetings of the project’s Managing Committee where project partners and representatives of relevant institutions participate.
The project duration was officially extended by two years, until January 31, 2014.
External monitoring of the project is carried out regularly (the last one took place in August, 2021).
F.2: Project financial management (BROZ, DINPD)
Activity in progress.
F.3. Project audit (BROZ)
F.4: Follow-up activities – after the LIFE project is completed (BROZ)
Activity has not started yet.
Časopis Cincér News letter – časopis maďarského partnera (Národný park Dunaj – Ipeľ)
BROZ – Mgr. Silvia Halková – project manager
halkova (at) broz.sk
DINPD – Gyula Kiss – project manager of partner organisation Národný park Dunaj Ipeľ
kissgy (at) dinpi.hu
NLC – Ing. Martin Bartko, PhD. – project manager of partner organisation Národné lesnícke centrum
bartko (at) nlcsk.org
VÚVH – Ing. Katarina Holubova, PhD., – project manager of partner organisation VÚVH
holubova (at) vuvh.sk