The Danube floodplain forests belong to the last remnants of floodplain habitats in Central Europe. Theses forests are often compared to the rain forest for their uniqueness, beauty, richness of plant and animal species and high production of biomass. The Danube floodplain forests are important for mantaining reserves of drinking water and providing natural protection against floods.
Floodplain forest habitats can be found alongside rivers, wetlands and in regularly flooded areas. Tree species typical for these forests are willows and white and black poplar trees, species which can sustain regular floods for long periods. European oaks, field maples and English elms create the hardwood floodplain forests in areas which are flooded less often.