“Panda of the central Europe”
Central European tundra vole (Microtus oeconomus mehelyi) or a root vole is just like a panda an endemic animal, meaning its world-wide population naturally occurs only in one specific area. Unlike the panda that lives in mountainous areas of central China, the root vole is found in the north-western part of the Pannonian basin, mostly near the Danube River which includes specific locations in Slovakia, Austria and Hungary.
The project LIFE Microtus II follows a previous successful project implemented from 2010 to 2016 focused on a protection of this priority species of European interest through restoring its habitats and building bio-corridors. It is a protected species that lives in the vicinity of rivers, wetlands and wet meadows, and whose habitats are gradually disappearing due to intensification of agricultural production, forestry and watercourse regulation.
Project title: Restoration of habitats for root vole *Microtus oeconomus mehelyi
Financial scheme: LIFE Programme, Environment sub-programme, Nature and biodiversity
Project acronym: LIFE Microtus II
Bratislavské regionálne ochranárske združenie (SVK) – Regional association for Nature conservation and Sustainable development
Výskumný ústav vodného hospodárstva (SVK) – Water Research Institute
Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave (SVK) – Comenius University in Bratislava
Štátna ochrana prírody Slovenskej republiky (SVK) – State Nature Conservancy of the Slovak Republic
Észak-dunántúli Vízügyi Igazgatóság (HUN) – North-Transdanubian Water Directorate
Pisztráng Kör Waldorf Természetvédő és Természejáró Egyesület (HUN) – Trout Circle Association
Nationalparkgesellschaft Neusiedler See – Seewinkel (AUT) – National park Neusiedler See – Seewinkel
The project LIFE Microtus II is primarily focused on the restoration of habitats for the root vole (Microtus oeconomus mehelyi) through of one-time conservation measures to restore or modify wetland habitats such as swamps, marshes, bogs, wet meadows, naturally flowing and still water places, and reintroduction of sound sustainable management. Project measures will create habitats for root voles with an area of 580 hectares.
- Restoration of selected wetland habitats
- Restoration of selected wet meadows habitats and buffer riparian zones between wetlands and arable land
- Creation of bio-corridors and stepping stones for target species
- Acquisition of relevant scientific data on target species, especially on genetic structure of the population and quite new threat of competition with invasive species
- Creation of conditions (infrastructure and capacity) to reach favourable state of wetland habitats and ensure long-term sustainable use of their services in cooperation with various local stakeholders
- Increase the awareness of stakeholders and public on target species, conservation measures and importance of wetlands ecosystems
Central European tundra vole (Microtus oeconomus mehelyi) or a root vole is a glacial relict of a subspecies Tundra vole (Microtus oeconomus). Tundra vole is a species with holarctic distribution, it is found in the area from northern Finland, eastern Germany, through Poland, Belarus, northern and central European part of Russia to the eastern Alaska. Isolated relict populations were found in Netherlands, southern Scandinavia, Finnish coastal areas and in the western part of the Pannonian Basin.
The European population consists of several subspecies: Microtus oeconomus ratticeps in the north of Russia; Microtus oeconomus medius in Scandinavia; Microtus oeconomus stimmingi from Germany through Poland to Russia; Microtus oeconomus finmorchicus in Norway and Vesterålen, Microtus oeconomus arenicola in Netherlands and Microtus oeconomus mehelyi in the western part of the Pannonian Basin.
The occurrence of the subspecies Microtus oeconomus mehelyi is restricted to locations around Neusiedler and Seewinkel lakes in Austria that are directly connected to Hungarian ones near Fertő lake. Another population lives in the nearby system of fragmented wetlands Hanság east of the lake. Isolated population is found around Balaton lake; small populations live on Danube island Szigetköz. From there, the area of species distribution stretches to Slovakia, where the occurrence of root vole was recorded in the Danube Lowland, near Szigetköz as well as in a number of other wetland sites in the lowland. Isolated population was found in Parížske močiare marshes in the Hronská pahorkatina highlands, which represents the farthest eastern location of the root vole occurrence so far known.
The main part of the Root vole fodder consists of sedge (Carex), reed (Phragmites), bulrush (Typha) and grass (eg. Molinia). The mating season lasts from May to September, the number of litters is 1-3 per year and the number of youngsters is from 5 to 11. The spatial activity of the root vole is not great, it is restricted by the habitat characteristics and its size.
Females have their first litter in the spring still in their wintering habitats. Through late spring voles search wetter summer habitats and in late summer they find dryer habitat for wintering. These seasonal migrations might be influenced by local habitat conditions. The connection of populations by bio-corridors is one of important factors to avoid the populations isolation.
Sites of Community Importance
SKUEV0070 Martovská mokraď
SKUEV0073 Listové jazero
SKUEV0077 Dunajské trstiny
SKUEV0090 Dunajské luhy
SKUEV0093 Severný Bodícky kanál
SKUEV0155 Alúvium Starej Nitry
SKUEV0182, SKUEV1182 Číčovské luhy
SKUEV0227, SKUEV1227 Čiližské močiare
SKUEV0295 Biskupické luhy
SKUEV0552 Lohotský močiar
AT1110137 Neusiedler See – Nordöstliches Leithagebirge
A.1 Elaboration of databases on land use and ownership within the area
A.2 Designing the network of bio-corridors and stepping stones
A.3 Study and technical documentation on wetlands restoration
B.1 Land purchase and lease
C.1 Restoration of habitats for root vole in Slovakia
C.2 Restoration of habitats for root vole in Hungary
C.3 Restoration of habitats for root vole in Austria
C.4 Creation of bio-corridors and stepping stones
C.5 Regulation of negative impacts on habitats of root vole
D.1 Monitoring of populations and habitats of the root vole
D.2 Monitoring of spatial activity and habitat use of root vole populations
D.3 Monitoring of socio-economic impact of project actions
D.4 Monitoring of ecosystem services
D.5 Monitoring of output indicators
E.1 Public awareness raising
E.2 Education aimed at schools and public
E.3 Education and training aimed at key stakeholders and decision makers in the project area
E.4 Exchange and transfer of information, knowledge and lessons learnt, networking with other projects,
replication of project activities
F.1 Project management
Mgr. Bc. Ján Jenčo – project manager